Sharable Content Object Reference Model.
SCORM enables the reuse of Web-based learning content across multiple environments. When applied to course content, SCORM produces small, reusable learning objects. Bringing together diverse and disparate learning content and products ensures reusability, accessibility, durability, and interoperability.
SCORM is a set of interrelated technical specifications built upon the work of the AICC, IMS and IEEE to create one unified content model. It is a result of the U.S. Department of Defense's Advance Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative, SCORM-compliant courseware elements can be easily merged with other compliant elements to produce a highly modular repository of training materials.
This standard lets a Learning Management System track and manage courseware developed by various authoring tools using a single system.
Starting in SCORM 2004, it introduces a complex idea called sequencing, which is a set of rules that specifies the order in which a learner may experience content objects, constraining a learner to a fixed set of paths through the training material, permit the learner to "bookmark" their progress when taking breaks, and assure the acceptability of test scores achieved by the learner.
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